Abdominal fat is related to the increased risk of heart and metabolic diseases.
It is known that physical activity reduces the visceral adipose tissue, which surrounds the internal organs in the abdominal cavity, but to date, some of the mechanisms involved have not been fully clarified.
Adrenaline causes this effect, in fact this hormone intervenes in the "fight or flight" response (attack or flight), and as can be guessed from its name, this reaction has the purpose of preparing the body, in a very short time, for a intense exertion, such as physical activity.
In this chemical reaction, the fat from the fat cells and the glucose present in the liver are metabolized immediately to create a constant source of energy.
Recent studies indicate that a particular signaling protein, interleukin 6 (IL-6), also plays an important role in the metabolic mechanism triggered by physical activity, which causes the reduction of visceral abdominal fat.
IL-6 plays a key role in the degradation of lipids, in fact it regulates energy metabolism and is released by the skeletal muscle during exercise, stimulating lipolysis.
So there is the possibility that interleukin-6 influences the use of fats and carbohydrates, to generate energy and reduce visceral fat mass by itself.
Bottom line, the take-home message is to always be active and keep exercising.
In fact, exercise is useful for promoting better health and we now know that training, done regularly, reduces abdominal fat mass and therefore potentially also the risk of developing cardio-metabolic diseases.